- Anxiety and Depression
- Senior Mental Health
- LGBT-Related Issues
- Child & Adolescent Mental Health
Mental Health Resources
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity).
Signs and Symptoms
These symptoms are all common complaints of people with attention problems. However, many people with these problems do not have attention-deficit disorder. Our goal is to help people accurately diagnose what they experience as an attention problem, find out what is causing these issues, and help find the most effective treatments available.
ADHD symptoms can appear as early as the ages of 3 to 6 and can continue throughout adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms of ADHD can be mistaken for emotional or disciplinary problems and have the potential to be overlooked entirely in quiet, well-behaved children, thus leading to a delay in diagnosis. Adults with undiagnosed ADHD may have a history of poor academic performance, problems at work, or difficulty maintaining relationships.
What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is defined as an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination. Anxiety is not the same as fear. Fear is a response to a real or perceived immediate threat, whereas anxiety is the expectation of future threat. Anxiety is a feeling of fear, uneasiness, and worry that is usually generalized and unfocused as an overreaction to a situation that is only subjectively seen as menacing. It is often accompanied by muscular tension, restlessness, fatigue and problems in concentration. Anxiety can be appropriate, but when experienced regularly the individual may suffer from an anxiety disorder.
How Do I Know If I Suffer From Anxiety?
Signs and Symptoms:
Occasional anxiety is a normal part of life. You might feel anxious when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision. Anxiety disorders involve more than temporary worry or fear. For a person with an anxiety disorder, the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time; these feelings can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, schoolwork, and relationships. If you believe to be suffering from anxiety, please contact us today to schedule an appointment.
What is Depression?
Everyone occasionally feels blue or sad, but these feelings are usually short-lived and pass within a couple of days. When you have depression, it interferes with daily life and causes pain for both you and those who care about you. Depression is a common but serious illness.
Signs and symptoms:
Many people with a depressive illness never seek treatment. But the majority, even those with the most severe depression, can improve with proper treatment. Medications, psychotherapies, and other methods can effectively treat those who suffer from depression.
Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that can cause unusual shifts in mood, energy level, thinking, and behavior. People with disorder often experience episodes of very extreme “highs” called mania and periods of intense irritability or depression. Sometimes they hear, see, or think unusual things referred to as being psychotic.
Senior Mental Health
Many older adults are struggling with depression and/or anxiety as they cope with changes related to aging, as well as with learning to live with a disability. It is imperative that caregivers and friends reach out for help if the individual cannot do so independently. It is equally important to know that there are people who can help, especially with negative feelings or emotions associated with growing older. Depression is often a substantial risk factor for many other health problems, including suicide.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder has become increasingly relevant in the public eye due to an increase in reported cases pertaining to soldiers’ suffering upon return from active duty. While no doubt a considerable burden for military veterans, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, can happen to anyone exposed to a traumatic situation, even children.
The causes for PTSD may include anything that puts the person in an unbearably stressful situation, especially one that causes or could have caused serious physical harm.The symptoms of PTSD can be very telling; when patients have flashbacks of the event, they tend to visualize the whole situation over and over again, and spend hours analyzing the way things should have or could have been.
Severe emotional responses to normal, otherwise non-stressful situations can occur with physical symptoms such as palpitations, accelerated heartbeat, sweating, tremors and panic attacks, accompanied by severe social anxiety. Patients of PTSD also may experience insomnia or recurrent nightmares of the event, which adversely affects their quality of life more detrimentally. In some cases, PTSD patients block out the entire event from their memory altogether, but that does not always help with the symptoms that develop regardless.
Treatment of PTSD
Treatment of PTSD needs to have a cognitive, multi-factorial approach that constitutes intensive therapy to get to the root of the traumatic event. There are many things that we consider before deciding upon and start a comprehensive treatment approach that will cover all bases – how it affected the patient, how it could have otherwise affected the patient, and the patient’s response.
Interpersonal Psychiatry has extensive experience in treating patients of PTSD as well as other overlapping anxiety disorders. We are capable and proficient at providing counseling in different applications, such as cognitive behavioral therapy for PTSD, in which we help patients analyze the events objectively, consider the things that have caused them stress, and ascertain how they will overcome it. Our providers assist the patients in reaching healthy conclusions for themselves and see how the adverse impact of the situation can be overcome.
We employ a multitude of approaches, such as exposure therapy, in which hesitant patients are assisted in discussing the event over and over again until the fear or control no longer weighs on them. In addition to common practices like talk therapy and anti-anxiety/anti-depressant medications, we apply medicinal intervention with psychological outlets that greatly improves the quality of one’s life. Group therapy is also an additional option for patients to convey and interact with people who have been in stressful situations not unlike their own, thus offering even more understanding and provision.
Most forms of sexual expressions are not symptoms of mental illness. Therefore, no treatments are required for such expressions, but once our societal hetero-normative cultural values are imposed on someone’s natural expression of sexuality, it is bound to be experienced as a stressor in most people. The treatment offered by Interpersonal Psychiatry is for the damage done to one’s mental health from such external and artificial social stressors.
The external stressors from living in modern society are magnified for almost all minorities, especially if someone is exercising their freedom to express alternative sexuality. Though the forces of social changes are stronger than ever, change is often slow.
We recognize that, while sexual expression is natural, it is stress from arbitrary social standards that causes dysfunction and not the sexual expression itself.
Child and Adolescent Mental Health
We diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions including, but not limited to:
- Adjustment disorders
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety, panic disorder, PTSD, school refusal, separation anxiety, and social anxiety
- Autism spectrum disorder and developmental delays
- Disruptive behavior disorders
- Early onset psychotic disorders
- Eating disorders
- Learning disorders co-occurring with mental health concerns
- Mood disorders, including depression and bipolar disorder
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Suicidal behavior